Interfacial transmetallation synthesis of a platinadithiolene nanosheet as a potential 2D topological insulator†
The construction of two-dimensional metal complex materials is fascinating because of the structural and functional diversity of these materials. Previously, we have reported the synthesis of electroconductive nickelladithiolene (NiDT) and palladadithiolene (PdDT) nanosheets using benzenehexathiol (BHT). Down the group from Ni, Pd to Pt, there is a distinct positive shift in the reduction potential; as a result, it becomes synthetically more challenging to stabilize Pt2+ than to form metallic Pt(0) in the presence of BHT as a reducing agent. Herein, a novel synthetic strategy for the preparation of platinadithiolene nanosheet (PtDT) using a dibutyltin-protected BHT ligand is reported, leading to transmetallation in the presence of dioxygen. Both free-standing stacked sheets and atomic layer sheets were obtained and characterized by microscopic techniques such as AFM, SEM, and TEM. To study the morphology of the sheets and determine their charge neutrality, X-ray photoelectron (XP) and infrared (IR) spectroscopic techniques were used. Powder X-ray diffraction analysis of the multilayer PtDT indicates a half-way slipped hexagonal configuration in the P1m space group. The band structure of this PtDT exhibits a band gap at the Fermi level, which is different from that of NiDT in the staggered configuration, and a Dirac gap, indicating the possibility of 2D topological insulation at room temperature. PtDT is insulating but chemically activated by oxidation with I2 to increase the conductivity by more than 106 folds up to 0.39 S cm−1. The MDT sheets exhibit electrocatalytic activity for the hydrogen evolution reaction, and the activity order is NiDT < PdDT < PtDT.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 Chemical Science HOT Article Collection