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Ultralow-temperature photochemical synthesis of atomically dispersed Pt catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction

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Abstract

Efficient control of nucleation is a prerequisite for the solution-phase synthesis of nanocrystals. Although the thermodynamics and kinetics of the formation of metal nanoparticles have been largely investigated, fully suppressing the nucleation in solution synthesis remains a major challenge due to the high surface free energy of isolated atoms. In this article, we largely decreased the reaction temperature for ultraviolet (UV) photochemical reduction of H2PtCl6 solution to −60 °C and demonstrated such a method as a fast and convenient process for the synthesis of atomically dispersed Pt. We showed that the ultralow-temperature reaction efficiently inhibited the nucleation process by controlling its thermodynamics and kinetics. Compared with commercial platinum/carbon, the synthesized atomically dispersed Pt catalyst, as a superior HER catalyst, exhibited a lower overpotential of approximately 55 mV at a current density of 100 mA cm−2 and a lower Tafel slope of 26 mV dec−1 and had higher stability in 0.5 M H2SO4.

Graphical abstract: Ultralow-temperature photochemical synthesis of atomically dispersed Pt catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction

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Publication details

The article was received on 08 Nov 2018, accepted on 12 Jan 2019 and first published on 19 Jan 2019


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8SC04986F
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2019, Advance Article
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Ultralow-temperature photochemical synthesis of atomically dispersed Pt catalysts for the hydrogen evolution reaction

    H. Wei, H. Wu, K. Huang, B. Ge, J. Ma, J. Lang, D. Zu, M. Lei, Y. Yao, W. Guo and H. Wu, Chem. Sci., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8SC04986F

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