The photooxidative sensitization of bis(p-substituted diphenyl)iodonium salts in the radical polymerization of acrylates
The ability of two-component dyeing photoinitiating systems for the radical polymerization of 1,6-hexanediol diacrylate (HDDA) and 2-ethyl-2-(hydroxymethyl)-1,3-propanediol triacrylate (TMPTA) is presented. The systems under study comprised a hemicyanine dye as a sensitizer and iodonium salts that played a role of a coinitiator. The kinetic parameters of the polymerization reaction, such as the rate of polymerization (Rp) and the degree of conversion of monomer (C%), were estimated. The thermodynamic feasibility of an electron transfer process in the systems studied was verified and calculated using the Rehm–Weller equation. It was found that a benzoxazole derivative in the presence of iodonium salts effectively initiated the polymerization of acrylate monomers. The polymerization rates of about 10−7 s−1 and the degree of conversion of acrylate groups from 20% to 50% were observed. The effects of photoinitiator structures on the initiating ability and spectroscopic properties of sensitizers are described in this article.