Facile synthesis of a zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 with reduced graphene oxide hybrid material as an efficient electrocatalyst for nonenzymatic H2O2 sensing
A zeolitic imidazolate framework-8 (ZIF-8)/reduced graphene oxide (rGO) nanocomposite was formed by using an efficient synthetic method. The morphology and structure of the ZIF-8/rGO nanocomposite were characterized by scanning electron spectroscopy (SEM), X-ray diffraction (XRD) and thermogravimetric analysis (TGA) mapping. The ZIF-8/rGO nanocomposites were immobilized on a carbon paste electrode (CPE) to construct a high-performance nonenzymatic electrochemical H2O2 sensor. A cyclic voltammetry (CV) study showed that the ZIF-8/rGO nanocomposites displayed better electrocatalytic activity toward H2O2 reduction compared to that of ZIF-8. An amperometric study indicated that the H2O2 sensor displayed high performance, which offered a low detection limit (0.05 μM) (S/N = 3), a high sensitivity (4.01 μA mM−1 cm−2), and a wide linear range (from 1.0 to 625 μM). An electrochemical reaction mechanism was proposed for H2O2 reduction on the ZIF-8/rGO/CPE. Importantly, the as-fabricated H2O2 sensor exhibited good reproducibility and excellent selectivity. Furthermore, the constructed high-performance sensor was utilized to monitor the H2O2 levels in real samples, and satisfactory results were obtained. These results demonstrated that the ZIF-8/rGO nanocomposite can be used as a good electrochemical sensor material in practical applications.