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Issue 3, 2019, Issue in Progress
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Destabilization of amyloid fibrils on interaction with MoS2-based nanomaterials

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Abstract

The present work is motivated by the established concept that the structure and energetics of biomacromolecules can be modulated by confining their dimensions in the nanoscale. In particular, here we use force-field methods to understand the stability of amyloid fibrils at nanostructured interfaces, which can be useful for the development of new therapeutics for Alzheimer's disease. We explore the binding modes and structural properties of fibrils at the interface of molybdenum disulphide nanotubes and the nanosurface using classical molecular dynamics simulations. We find that in general the MoS2 materials induces disruptions in the structure of the amyloid fibrils where the beta sheet conformation of the fibrils changes to a turned conformation, and it is large in the case of nanotubes in comparison to the nanosurfaces. The intermolecular hydrogen bonds, hydrophilic and hydrophobic contacts between the monomer peptides in the fibril are reduced due to their adsorption onto the MoS2 materials, which results in a destabilization of the fibril. The destabilization of fibril is to some extent compensated for by the van der Waals interactions between the fibril and MoS2. Overall the results indicate that MoS2-based materials can be useful in inhibiting the aggregation of smaller protofibrils to matured fibrils and to bust the already formed fibrils. Therapeutic materials should not exhibit any cross interaction with other off-targets compounds. In order to test whether the MoS2 nanomaterial has any such effect we have studied its interaction with two additional biomacromolecules, the human serum albumin and p53 protein, and we report no significant changes in the secondary structure of these biomolecules. Through molecular docking studies we also established that the drug binding ability of HSA is not altered by its surface binding to MoS2 nanosurface.

Graphical abstract: Destabilization of amyloid fibrils on interaction with MoS2-based nanomaterials

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Publication details

The article was received on 11 Dec 2018, accepted on 18 Dec 2018 and first published on 11 Jan 2019


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8RA10184A
Citation: RSC Adv., 2019,9, 1613-1624
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    Destabilization of amyloid fibrils on interaction with MoS2-based nanomaterials

    S. K. Mudedla, N. A. Murugan, V. Subramanian and H. Agren, RSC Adv., 2019, 9, 1613
    DOI: 10.1039/C8RA10184A

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