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A triple-stimuli responsive hormone delivery system equipped with pillararene magnetic nanovalves

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Abstract

Nanotechnology in agriculture and food industry has attracted significant attention over the past few decades. Benefiting from the introduction of controlled release capability, drug/cargo delivery systems possess great advantages for plants in delivering plant genes, hormones, pesticides, and fertilizers to mediate their growth. Herein, we construct a new smart multi-stimuli responsive hormone delivery system to regulate the release of gibberellin acid (GA3) for plant growth. Hollow mesoporous silica nanoparticles have been utilized as nanocarriers, upon which water soluble carboxylatopillar[5]arene ammonium (WP[5]A) functionalized Fe3O4 nanoparticles (WP[5]A-Fe3O4) are installed as nanovalves via host–guest interactions (WP[5]A-Fe3O4 capped HMSNs are denoted as HMSN/Fe3O4). Bidirectional pH-responsive supramolecular nanovalves have been constructed for the first time, and under acidic or alkaline conditions hormones can be released out from GA3-loaded HMSN/Fe3O4 (GA3-HMSN/Fe3O4) to promote the growth of plants. Interestingly, the GA3-HMSN/Fe3O4 nanoparticles can also respond to other stimuli including 1,4-butanediamine (BDA) and ultrasound. This smart delivery system has been successfully applied in plants like Arabidopsis thaliana (A. thaliana) and cabbages, and our experimental results suggested that the GA3-HMSN/Fe3O4 hybrid nanomaterials can obviously promote the growth of both plants. Therefore, we envision that this magnetic multi-stimuli responsive system will hopefully play an important role in promoting agricultural industry development.

Graphical abstract: A triple-stimuli responsive hormone delivery system equipped with pillararene magnetic nanovalves

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Publication details

The article was received on 05 Oct 2018, accepted on 30 Oct 2018 and first published on 31 Oct 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8QM00509E
Citation: Mater. Chem. Front., 2019, Advance Article
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    A triple-stimuli responsive hormone delivery system equipped with pillararene magnetic nanovalves

    X. Li, J. Han, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, C. Jia, J. Qin, C. Wang, J. Wu, W. Fang and Y. Yang, Mater. Chem. Front., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8QM00509E

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