A mitochondria-targeted near-infrared fluorescent probe with a large Stokes shift for real-time detection of hypochlorous acid
Hypochlorous acid (HOCl) has been known to be intertwined with various pathophysiological processes. In this paper, a novel mitochondria-targeted near-infrared (NIR) fluorescent probe L based on a chromenylium-phenothiazine conjugate has been designed and synthesized for the detection of hypochlorous acid. Due to the HOCl-promoted intramolecular charge transfer processes, the probe L shows near-infrared fluorescence emission at 672 nm, large Stokes shifts of 97 nm, fast response, and high selectivity and sensitivity. Furthermore, the probe L is biocompatible, cell-membrane permeable and mitochondria-targetable, and can be used for endogenous HOCl imaging in living cells.