Elevated effective dimension in tree-like nanomagnetic Cayley structures†
Using state-of-the-art electron-beam lithography, Ising-type nanomagnets may be defined onto nearly any two-dimensional pattern imaginable. The ability to directly observe magnetic configurations achieved in such artificial spin systems makes them a perfect playground for the realization of artificial spin glasses. However, no experimental realization of a finite-temperature artificial spin glass has been achieved so far. Here, we aim to get a significant step closer in achieving that goal by introducing an artificial spin system with random interactions and increased effective dimension: dipolar Cayley tree. Through synchrotron-based photoemission electron microscopy, we show that an improved balance of ferro- and antiferromagnetic ordering can be achieved in this type of system. This combined with an effective dimension as high as d = 2.72 suggests that future systems generated out of these building blocks can host finite temperature spin glass phases, allowing for real-time observation of glassy dynamics.