On-the-fly exchangeable microfluidic nozzles for facile production of various monodisperse micromaterials
Microfluidic manufacturing platforms have advanced the production of monodisperse, shape-controlled, and chemically defined micromaterials. However, conventional microfabrication platforms are typically designed and fabricated as single-purpose and single-use tools, which limits their efficiency, versatility, and overall potential. We here present an on-the-fly exchangeable nozzle concept that operates in a transparent, 3D, and reusable microfluidic device produced without cleanroom technology. The facile exchange and repositioning of the nozzles readily enables the production of monodisperse water-in-oil and oil-in-water emulsions, solid and core–shell microspheres, microfibers, and even Janus type micromaterials with controlled diameters ranging from 10 to 1000 μm using a single microfluidic device.