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Issue 1, 2020
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Consolidated production of coniferol and other high-value aromatic alcohols directly from lignocellulosic biomass

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Abstract

Sustainable production of fine chemicals and biofuels from renewable biomass offers a potential alternative to the continued use of finite geological oil reserves. However, in order to compete with current petrochemical refinery processes, alternative biorefinery processes must overcome significant costs and productivity barriers. Herein, we demonstrate the biocatalytic production of the versatile chemical building block, coniferol, for the first time, directly from lignocellulosic biomass. Following the biocatalytic treatment of lignocellulose to release and convert ferulic acid with feruloyl esterase (XynZ), carboxylic acid reductase (CAR) and aldo-keto reductase (AKR), this whole cell catalytic cascade not only achieved equivalent release of ferulic acid from lignocellulose compared to alkaline hydrolysis, but also displayed efficient conversion of ferulic acid to coniferol. This system represents a consolidated biodegradation–biotransformation strategy for the production of high value fine chemicals from waste plant biomass, offering the potential to minimize environmental waste and add value to agro-industrial residues.

Graphical abstract: Consolidated production of coniferol and other high-value aromatic alcohols directly from lignocellulosic biomass

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
10 Jul 2019
Accepted
14 Oct 2019
First published
25 Nov 2019

This article is Open Access

Green Chem., 2020,22, 144-152
Article type
Paper

Consolidated production of coniferol and other high-value aromatic alcohols directly from lignocellulosic biomass

R. Tramontina, J. L. Galman, F. Parmeggiani, S. R. Derrington, T. D. H. Bugg, N. J. Turner, F. M. Squina and N. Dixon, Green Chem., 2020, 22, 144
DOI: 10.1039/C9GC02359C

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