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Issue 11, 2019
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Intestinal anti-inflammatory activity of xique–xique (Pilosocereus gounellei A. Weber ex K. Schum. Bly. Ex Rowl) juice on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats

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Abstract

Inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is characterized by severe mucosal damage in the intestine and a deregulated immune response. Natural products derived from plants that are rich in bioactive compounds are used by many patients with IBD. Xique–xique (Pilosocereus gounellei) is a cactus of the Caatinga family that has been used by the local population for food and medicinal purposes. The intestinal anti-inflammatory effect of xique–xique cladode juice was evaluated in the present study. A dose of 5 mL kg−1 had a protective effect on intestinal inflammation, with an improvement in macroscopic damage, and a decrease in pro-inflammatory markers and oxidative stress, in addition to preserving the colonic tissue. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed the downregulation of IL-17, NF-κB, and iNOS, and upregulation of SOCs-1, ZO-1, and MUC-2. These protective effects could be attributed to the phenolic compounds as well as the fibers present in xique–xique juice. Further studies are needed before suggesting the use of xique–xique juice as a new alternative for treating IBD.

Graphical abstract: Intestinal anti-inflammatory activity of xique–xique (Pilosocereus gounellei A. Weber ex K. Schum. Bly. Ex Rowl) juice on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats

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Article information


Submitted
30 Apr 2019
Accepted
24 Sep 2019
First published
17 Oct 2019

Food Funct., 2019,10, 7275-7290
Article type
Paper

Intestinal anti-inflammatory activity of xique–xique (Pilosocereus gounellei A. Weber ex K. Schum. Bly. Ex Rowl) juice on acetic acid-induced colitis in rats

P. O. A. de Assis, G. C. B. Guerra, D. F. D. S. Araújo, L. D. F. L. I. de Andrade, A. A. de Araújo, R. F. de Araújo, T. G. de Carvalho, M. D. F. V. de Souza, G. D. S. C. Borges, M. D. S. Lima, F. R. L. Rolim, R. A. V. Rodrigues and R. D. C. R. D. E. Queiroga, Food Funct., 2019, 10, 7275
DOI: 10.1039/C9FO00920E

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