Attenuation of allergic responses following treatment with resveratrol in anaphylactic models and IgE-mediated mast cells
Resveratrol exists widely in plant species and has a variety of anti-oxidant, anti-inflammatory, and immunomodulatory properties. However, there have been few reports regarding its anti-food allergic activity. In this study, we demonstrated that resveratrol (isolated from Abies georgei) could decrease the release of β-hexosaminidase and histamine in rat basophilic leukemia-2H3 cells. Resveratrol was not only found to suppress the development of diarrhea, up-regulate the rectal temperature of ovalbumin-allergic mice, and decrease the serum level of specific immunoglobulin E, mouse mast cell protease-1 and histamine, but also found to decrease the population of dendritic cells, B cells and mast cells of ovalbumin -allergic mice in the spleen or mesenteric lymph node. Furthermore, resveratrol inhibited the release of β-hexosaminidase and histamine in bone marrow-derived cells and alleviated mast cell-mediated passive cutaneous anaphylaxis reactions. These findings indicated that resveratrol isolated from Abies georgei might have the potential to alleviate food hypersensitivity or allergic disease.