The extraordinary optical transmission and sensing properties of Ag/Ti composite nanohole arrays†
Ag/Ti composite nanohole arrays are fabricated by a simple combination of nanosphere lithography, reactive ion etching, and dual e-beam deposition techniques. Based on the X-ray diffraction, conductivity, and ellipsometry measurements, there exists a Ag composition threshold CAg = 80 at% above which Ag is percolated through the entire film. Significant extraordinary optical transmission (EOT) is observed in nanohole samples with composition larger than the threshold. The main EOT peak position, the (1,0) Ag/glass resonance peak, redshifts as the CAg value decreased, but its index sensitivity monotonically increased with CAg till a value of 300 RIU nm−1 for the CAg = 100 at% sample is achieved. However, the LSPR peak of the nanoholes can achieve a sensitivity of 390 nm RIU−1 when CAg decreases from 100 at% to 85 at%. This study demonstrates that besides the shape, size, and measurement configuration, the resonances and sensitivities of nanohole arrays can be effectively predicted and tuned by the composition of a plasmonic composite.
- This article is part of the themed collection: 2019 PCCP HOT Articles