Nanocontainer-based self-healing coatings: current progress and future perspectives
Here, we summarize the recent achievements in the field of the nanocontainer-based self-healing coatings made during the last 8 years. The development of nanocontainer-based self-healing coatings was started 15 years ago from the study of nanocontainers with stimuli-responsive release properties able to release anticorrosion agent (inhibitor) on demand only into a corroded area thus preventing its spontaneous leakage. Since then, many different types of nanocontainers have been demonstrated: from polymer capsules to porous inorganic nanoparticles with sophisticated mechanisms of release triggering. Nowadays, the study of the commercial application of nanocontainer-based self-healing coatings is the main focus in this area, especially for coatings with several autonomic functionalities. However, the search for the new types of multifunctional nanocontainers possessing different triggering mechanisms still remains active, especially for low-cost natural nanocontainers.