An immunofiltration strip method based on the photothermal effect of gold nanoparticles for the detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7
An immunofiltration strip is a promising rapid and powerful tool for the routine monitoring of foodborne pathogenic bacteria. However, the strip assay is generally less sensitive than other immunological techniques. A novel immunofiltration strip method based on the photothermal effect of gold nanoparticles (GNPs) was developed for the sensitive, rapid, simple handheld and low-cost detection of Escherichia coli O157:H7. The photothermal effect of GNPs was used to achieve the amplification of signals to improve the sensitivity of the strip method. The thermal contrasts caused by the photothermal effect were proportional to the bacteria concentrations and yield an almost logarithmic relation. Under optimal conditions, the detection limit was 1.95 × 104 CFU mL−1, and the sensitivity was improved about ten times compared to that of the conventional visual strip method. In brief, the photothermal based immunofiltration strip could be used for the rapid and sensitive detection of other pathogens as a great potential food quality control technique.