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Hypoxia-responsive micelles self-assembled from amphiphilic block copolymer for the controlled release of anticancer drug

Abstract

Amphiphilic block copolymers poly(ethylene glycol)-block-poly(methacrylic acid-co-2-nitroimidazole methacrylate) (PEG-b-P(MAA-co-NIMA)) were synthesized by the combination of atom transfer radical polymerization (ATRP), hydrolysis and EDC reactions. These copolymers could self-assemble into spherical micelles in water. 2-Nitroimidazole (NI) groups presented hypoxia-responsive properties under hypoxia condition. The hydrophobic NI groups could be converted into hydrophilic aminoimidazole (AI) groups, which would lead to the expansion of micelles. Moreover, the content of NI groups in the copolymers would affect the hydrophilic-hydrophobic balance and therefore influence the self-assembly behaviour of the copolymer and the morphologies of the micelles. The copolymer micelles were used as the drug delivery system for the controlled release of anticancer drug doxorubicin (DOX). The in vitro cytotoxicity investigation revealed that the DOX-loaded micelles showed higher toxicity to hypoxic cells than to normoxic cells. As a result, the block copolymers are expected to be used as the intelligent carrier for the hydrophobic drugs to treat hypoxia-associated diseases.

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Sep 2018, accepted on 29 Nov 2018 and first published on 30 Nov 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02505C
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Hypoxia-responsive micelles self-assembled from amphiphilic block copolymer for the controlled release of anticancer drug

    Y. Deng, H. Yuan and W. Yuan, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02505C

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