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Issue 43, 2018
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Recent advances of dicyano-based materials in biology and medicine

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Abstract

Fluorescence imaging is advancing quickly through the discovery of new fluorescent molecules and the invention of various strategies that can optimize and detect the fluorescence of various fluorophores. Dicyano-based fluorescent materials, including DCM (dicyanomethylene-4Hpyran) and DCO (dicyanoisophorone), have attracted great attention in recent years due to their excellent photophysical properties, outstanding biocompatibility, and low toxicity to living systems. In this review, we describe the principal strategies to create dicyano-based chemosensors through synthetic methods and the current photophysical understanding of these compounds. Then, we discuss efforts to target small-molecule compounds for imaging cellular events and studying biological processes. Additionally, dicyan-based materials applied to diagnostic tools, drug delivery and potential therapeutics have been described in detail. Finally, we conclude by discussing the opportunities and challenges of this class of materials, which may act as precision tools in the areas of biology and medicine.

Graphical abstract: Recent advances of dicyano-based materials in biology and medicine

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Publication details

The article was received on 21 Aug 2018, accepted on 28 Sep 2018 and first published on 29 Sep 2018


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02205D
Citation: J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018,6, 6919-6929
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    Recent advances of dicyano-based materials in biology and medicine

    W. Zhang, F. Huo and C. Yin, J. Mater. Chem. B, 2018, 6, 6919
    DOI: 10.1039/C8TB02205D

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