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Issue 41, 2018
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Anthocephalus cadamba shaped FeNi encapsulated carbon nanostructures for metal–air batteries as a resilient bifunctional oxygen electrocatalyst

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Abstract

Anthocephalus cadamba shaped carbon nanostructures comprising FeNi encapsulated in radially grown nitrogen-doped carbon nanotubes (NCNTs) are produced by controlled pyrolysis which exhibit advanced electrochemical oxygen evolution reaction (OER) performance with a low overpotential of ∼290 mV at 10 mA cm−2, small Tafel slope (37 mV dec−1) and endurance in an accelerated stability test. In addition to better surface electron transfer kinetics, the radial growth of NCNTs offers plenty of electrochemically active sites (high roughness factor ∼340) in tiny spaces, better accessibility to reactant species and appropriate gas outlets to prevent bubble accumulation during OER. Besides OER, the preferential 4e pathways for the oxygen reduction reaction (ORR) and excellent overall oxygen electrochemistry ΔE (Ej(OER)=10E1/2(ORR) = 0.71 V) suggest excellent bifunctionality and advocate the practical importance of Anthocephalus cadamba shaped carbon nanostructures as a possible unitary oxygen electrocatalyst for metal–air battery systems.

Graphical abstract: Anthocephalus cadamba shaped FeNi encapsulated carbon nanostructures for metal–air batteries as a resilient bifunctional oxygen electrocatalyst

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Article information


Submitted
18 Jun 2018
Accepted
18 Sep 2018
First published
19 Sep 2018

J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018,6, 20411-20420
Article type
Paper

Anthocephalus cadamba shaped FeNi encapsulated carbon nanostructures for metal–air batteries as a resilient bifunctional oxygen electrocatalyst

R. Nandan, A. Gautam and K. K. Nanda, J. Mater. Chem. A, 2018, 6, 20411
DOI: 10.1039/C8TA05822A

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