Efficient synthesis of aluminosilicate RTH zeolite with good catalytic performances in NH3-SCR and MTO reactions†
2,6-methyl-N-methylpyridinium, as a novel organic template, is employed for the synthesis of RTH aluminosilicate zeolite with a SiO2/Al2O3 ratio of 17.6. The amount of 2,6-methyl-N-methylpyridinium template, the Na2O/SiO2 ratio, the SiO2/Al2O3 ratio, and the H2O/SiO2 ratio in the starting gel significantly influence the crystallization of RTH zeolite. Several analytical methods such as XRD, SEM, N2 sorption, TG-DTA, DRIFT and NMR were employed for the characterisation of the obtained RTH zeolites and to understand the crystallization process with the new template. Very interestingly, the crystallization of RTH zeolite with the new template takes a very short time (12 h at 130 °C and 50 min at 240 °C) compared with conventional RTH zeolite synthesis reported in the literature (72 h at 130 °C). Theoretical calculations show that this novel organic template has lower interaction energies for zeolite cage space filling than those of the organic templates previously reported in the literature, which lead to stronger structural directing. Kinetic results show that the activation energy of this novel organic template is much lower than that of the traditional one. Catalytic tests show that copper exchanged RTH zeolite (Cu-RTH) exhibits good catalytic properties in the NH3-SCR reaction and the H-RTH zeolite catalyst has excellent selectivities for ethylene and propylene in MTO reactions.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Industry R&D collection