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Issue 40, 2018
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Droplet impact dynamics on textiles

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Abstract

The development of textiles that repel droplets following droplet impact at a high velocity is a common requirement in a number of applications, ranging from waterproof clothing to inkjet printing, yet the underpinning physical mechanisms are not entirely understood. The impact of a droplet on the surface of a textile produces two simultaneous yet separate flows, occurring above and below the surface, and which are associated with the spreading and penetration dynamics. In this paper, we study the temporal evolution of the lateral spreading diameter of a droplet impacting both hydrophobic and hydrophilic textiles. We show that the impact on textiles at short timescales involves no deformation of the droplet shape if the textile's porosity is sufficiently low. We show that the early-stage impact penetration is solely driven by inertia and no lamella is visible. We also show that for hydrophilic textiles, depending on the impact conditions, a droplet can be captured by the textile or penetrate it. We show by balancing the dynamic impact and capillary pressures that the penetration behaviour is governed by a threshold pore size, the liquid characteristics and the droplet diameter. Our conclusions highlight that the ability of a textile to repel water is controlled by the mesh size. Our experiments and analysis were carried out on coated hydrophobic and non-coated hydrophilic textiles with four corresponding mesh sizes, and are in agreement with the previous findings on hydrophobic metallic (copper) meshes.

Graphical abstract: Droplet impact dynamics on textiles

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 May 2018, accepted on 19 Aug 2018 and first published on 28 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8SM01082J
Citation: Soft Matter, 2018,14, 8182-8190
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
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    Droplet impact dynamics on textiles

    G. Zhang, M. A. Quetzeri-Santiago, C. A. Stone, L. Botto and J. R. Castrejón-Pita, Soft Matter, 2018, 14, 8182
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SM01082J

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