Auxetic multiphase soft composite material design through instabilities with application for acoustic metamaterials
We investigate the instability-induced pattern transformations in 3D-printed soft composites consisting of stiff inclusions and voids periodically distributed in a soft matrix. These soft auxetic composites are prone to elastic instabilities giving rise to negative Poisson's ratio (NPR) behavior. Upon reaching the instability point, the composite microstructure rearranges into a new morphology attaining an NPR regime. Remarkably, identical composites can morph into distinct patterns depending on the loading direction. These fully determined instability-induced distinct patterns are characterized by significantly different NPR behaviors, thus, giving rise to enhanced tunability of the composite properties. Finally, we illustrate a potential application of these reversible pattern transformations as tunable acoustic-elastic metamaterials capable of selectively filtering low frequency ranges controlled by deformation.