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Issue 26, 2018
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New strategy for designing promising mid-infrared nonlinear optical materials: narrowing the band gap for large nonlinear optical efficiencies and reducing the thermal effect for a high laser-induced damage threshold

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Abstract

To circumvent the incompatibility between large nonlinear optical (NLO) efficiencies and high laser-induced damage thresholds (LIDTs) in mid-infrared NLO materials, a new strategy for designing materials with both excellent properties is proposed. This strategy involves narrowing the band gap for large NLO efficiencies and reducing the thermal effect for a high LIDT. To support these proposals, a series of isostructural chalcogenides with various tetrahedral center cations, Na2Ga2MQ6 (M = Ge, Sn; Q = S, Se), were synthesized and studied in detail. Compared with the benchmark AGS, these chalcogenides exhibit significantly narrower band gaps (1.56–1.73 eV, AGS: 2.62 eV) and high NLO efficiencies (1.6–3.9 times that of AGS at 1910 nm), and also outstanding LIDTs of 8.5–13.3 × those of AGS for potential high-power applications, which are contrary to the conventional band gap view but can be attributed to their small thermal expansion anisotropy, surmounting the NLO–LIDT incompatibility. These results shed light on the search for practical IR NLO materials with excellent performance not restricted by NLO–LIDT incompatibility.

Graphical abstract: New strategy for designing promising mid-infrared nonlinear optical materials: narrowing the band gap for large nonlinear optical efficiencies and reducing the thermal effect for a high laser-induced damage threshold

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Publication details

The article was received on 14 Mar 2018, accepted on 09 May 2018 and first published on 16 May 2018


Article type: Edge Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8SC01210E
Citation: Chem. Sci., 2018,9, 5700-5708
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    New strategy for designing promising mid-infrared nonlinear optical materials: narrowing the band gap for large nonlinear optical efficiencies and reducing the thermal effect for a high laser-induced damage threshold

    S. Li, X. Jiang, Y. Fan, B. Liu, H. Zeng and G. Guo, Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 5700
    DOI: 10.1039/C8SC01210E

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