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Issue 14, 2018
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Enantiocontrol by assembled attractive interactions in copper-catalyzed asymmetric direct alkynylation of α-ketoesters with terminal alkynes: OH⋯O/sp3-CH⋯O two-point hydrogen bonding combined with dispersive attractions

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Abstract

Copper-catalyzed asymmetric direct alkynylation of α-ketoesters with terminal alkynes with chiral prolinol–phosphine ligands, most preferably (αR,2S)-1-(2-dicyclohexylphosphinobenzyl)-α-neopentyl-2-pyrrolidinemethanol, afforded various enantioenriched chiral propargylic tertiary alcohols. Quantum-chemical calculations using the BP86 density functional including Grimme's empirical dispersion correction [DF-BP86-D3(BJ)-PCM(tBuOH)/TZVPP//DF-BP86-D3(BJ)/SVP] show the occurrence of OH⋯O/sp3-CH⋯O two-point hydrogen bonding between the chiral ligand and the carbonyl group of the ketoester in the stereo-determining transition states. Combined with the hydrogen-bonding interactions orienting the ketoester substrate, dispersive attractions between the chiral ligand (P-cyclohexyl groups) and the ketoester in the favored transition states, rather than steric repulsions in the disfavored transition state explain the enantioselectivity of the asymmetric copper catalysis.

Graphical abstract: Enantiocontrol by assembled attractive interactions in copper-catalyzed asymmetric direct alkynylation of α-ketoesters with terminal alkynes: OH⋯O/sp3-CH⋯O two-point hydrogen bonding combined with dispersive attractions

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Supplementary files

Article information


Submitted
01 Feb 2018
Accepted
27 Feb 2018
First published
28 Feb 2018

This article is Open Access
All publication charges for this article have been paid for by the Royal Society of Chemistry

Chem. Sci., 2018,9, 3484-3493
Article type
Edge Article

Enantiocontrol by assembled attractive interactions in copper-catalyzed asymmetric direct alkynylation of α-ketoesters with terminal alkynes: OH⋯O/sp3-CH⋯O two-point hydrogen bonding combined with dispersive attractions

M. C. Schwarzer, A. Fujioka, T. Ishii, H. Ohmiya, S. Mori and M. Sawamura, Chem. Sci., 2018, 9, 3484
DOI: 10.1039/C8SC00527C

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