Enhanced H2 sorption performance of magnesium hydride with hard-carbon-sphere-wrapped nickel
Magnesium hydride is regarded as one of the most ideal candidates for hydrogen storage, but its relatively high operating temperatures and slow kinetics always hinder its commercial applications. Herein, we first fabricated hard-carbon-sphere-wrapped Ni (Ni/HCS) via a mild chemical method; subsequently, the as-prepared additive was introduced to fabricate an Mg–Ni/HCS composite by using hydriding combustion synthesis. Hard carbon spheres (HCS) effectively inhibited the agglomeration of hydride particles during hydrogen storage cycling; they could also provide active sites to promote the nucleation of Mg-based hydrides. During the hydriding combustion synthesis procedure, in situ-formed Mg2NiH4 could induce the absorption of MgH2, thus triggering its hydrogen properties. Remarkable enhancement in hydrogen absorption properties of the composite was found. The composite absorbed 6.0 wt% H2 within 5 min at 275 °C; moreover, even at 75 °C, it could still absorb 3.5 wt% H2. Furthermore, it delivered a high reversible hydrogen absorption capacity of 6.2 wt% and excellent rate capability at 350 °C. It was also demonstrated that the composite could release 6.2 wt% H2 at 350 °C within 5 min. A rather low activation energy value (65.9 kJ mol−1) for the dehydrogenation of MgH2 was calculated as compared to that for commercial MgH2 (133.5 kJ mol−1).