Biomimetic enzyme-linked immunoassay based on a molecularly imprinted 96-well plate for the determination of triazophos residues in real samples
In this study, a direct competitive biomimetic enzyme-linked immune-sorbent assay (BELISA) based on a molecularly imprinted nanomembrane as an artificial antibody was developed for the determination of triazophos in real samples. The imprinted film was directly synthesized on the well surface of a 96-well plate using a dummy molecular template under the conditions of thermal polymerization. The developed BELISA using a hapten of triazophos as an enzyme-labeled probe is much more sensitive, simple, quick, steady and inexpensive than the other instrumental and immuno assay methods. Under optimal conditions, the linear range of the method was 0.001–10 000 μg L−1 with a good regression coefficient of 0.977. The sensitivity (IC50) and the limit of detection (LOD) of BELISA were 428 μg L−1 and 0.001 μg L−1, respectively. This method was performed to detect triazophos in cabbage and apple samples, and showed excellent recovery and relative standard deviations (RSDs) ranging from 70.5 to 119.8% and from 5.2 to 19.7%, respectively. The results correlated well with those obtained using high performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Editors' collection: Food Engineering, Science, Technology, and Nutrition