Proton conductivity resulting from different triazole-based ligands in two new bifunctional decavanadates†
Triazole, similarly to imidazole, makes a prominent contribution to the proton conductivity of porous materials. To investigate the effects of triazole-based ligands in polyoxovanadates (POVs) on proton conduction, we designed and synthesized two decavanadate-based POVs, [Zn3(C2H4N4)6(H2O)6](V10O28)·14H2O (1) and [Zn3(C2H3N3)8(H2O)4](V10O28)·8H2O (2) constructed from the ligands 3-amino-1,2,4-triazole and 1H-1,2,4-triazole, respectively, via an aqueous solution evaporation method. Surprisingly, complex 1 obtained a superior proton conductivity of 1.24 × 10−2 S cm−1 under 60 °C and 98% RH, which is much higher than that of complex 2. Furthermore, due to the contribution of the conjugate properties of the ligands to the third-order nonlinear optical (NLO) properties, we also studied its two-photon responses and achieved satisfactory results.