Chemical synthesis and biological evaluation of penta- to octa- saccharide fragments of Vi polysaccharide from Salmonella typhi
Vi antigen is the capsular polysaccharide of Salmonella typhi, which can cause typhoid fever. With the increasing threat of antiboitic resistance, vaccination against Salmonella typhi is a preferred way to prevent this disease. Chemical synthesis of fragments of Vi antigen is in urgent need for the development of structure-homogeneous and quality-controlled oligosaccharide vaccines. However, it is extremely challenging to synthesize large oligosaccharide fragments of Vi antigen owing to the exclusive α-1,4-linkage of polyaminogalacturonates. Herein, a series of Vi oligosaccharides ranging from pentamer to octamer were efficiently prepared using 2,3-N,O-oxazolidinone protected glycosides as building blocks based on the preactivation protocol. The heptasaccharide and octasaccharide fragments were synthesized for the first time. The competitive ELISA evaluation suggested that the hexasaccharide might be the minimum epitope of Vi antigen, which provides a significant guidance for the future development of Vi oligosaccharide vaccines.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Organic Chemistry Frontiers HOT articles for 2018