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Issue 20, 2018
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(PtBA-co-PPEGMEMA-co-PDOMA)-g-PPFA polymer brushes synthesized by sequential RAFT polymerization and ATRP

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A novel approach for preparing self-cleaning anti-fouling surfaces with compositional heterogeneous polymer brushes at a molecular-length scale was developed. This approach exploits three critical elements including hydrophilic poly(ethylene glycol) (PEG) brushes with non-fouling functionalities, self-cleaning fouling-release hydrophobic poly(2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropyl acrylate) (PPFA) brushes and catechol moieties, an important component of mussel adhesive proteins (MAPs), to anchor asymmetric polymer brushes onto surfaces. Well-defined PtBBPMA-co-PPEGMEMA-co-PDOMA macroinitiators were first prepared by RAFT copolymerization of tert-butyl 2-((2-bromopropanoyloxy)methyl)acrylate (tBBPMA) bearing a Br-containing ATRP initiating group, poly(ethylene glycol) methyl ether methacrylate (PEGMEMA) macromonomer and N-(3,4-dihydroxy-phenethyl) methacrylamide (DOMA) with an adhesive anchoring group of catechol moieties. The target asymmetric polymer brushes were obtained by ATRP of PFA initiated by the macroinitiator via the grafting-from strategy. By using the drop coating method, the asymmetric polymer brush surface could form a layer of amphiphilic brushes onto the substrate with the assistance of adhesive anchoring groups. With a dense heterogeneous brush conformation at a molecular-length scale, (PtBA-co-PPEGMEMA-co-PDOMA)-g-PPFA-based surface shows considerable self-cleaning anti-fouling performance with less protein adsorption (up to 93% off) and cell adhesion (up to 88% off) compared to the bare surface.

Graphical abstract: (PtBA-co-PPEGMEMA-co-PDOMA)-g-PPFA polymer brushes synthesized by sequential RAFT polymerization and ATRP

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Mar 2018, accepted on 20 Apr 2018 and first published on 23 Apr 2018

Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8PY00470F
Citation: Polym. Chem., 2018,9, 2821-2829
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    (PtBA-co-PPEGMEMA-co-PDOMA)-g-PPFA polymer brushes synthesized by sequential RAFT polymerization and ATRP

    D. Shen, B. Xu, X. Huang, Q. Zhuang and S. Lin, Polym. Chem., 2018, 9, 2821
    DOI: 10.1039/C8PY00470F

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