Hydroximoyl fluorides as the precursors of nitrile oxides: synthesis, stability and [3 + 2]-cycloaddition with alkynes
The transformation of hydroximoyl fluorides to nitrile oxides for [3 + 2]-cycloaddition with alkynes has been achieved for the first time. The hydroximoyl fluorides used in this work appeared to be not stable, which was proved by a series of experiments. A DFT calculation was performed to better understand the properties of hydroximoyl fluorides. Although not stable, the hydroximoyl fluorides could be successfully converted to the corresponding nitrile oxides for in situ [3 + 2]-cycloaddition with alkynes to yield the isoxazoles. Furthermore, it was feasible to conduct [3 + 2]-cycloaddition reaction without purification after the synthesis of hydroximoyl fluorides from gem-difluoroalkenes. By investigating a class of interesting yet previously rarely explored fluorinated compounds, this work sheds new light on the stability and reactivity of a C–F bond on a CN double bond.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Synthetic methodology in OBC