Synthesis and self-sensitized photo-oxidation of 2-fulleropyrrolines by palladium(II)-catalyzed heteroannulation of fullerene with benzoyl hydrazone esters
A convenient and efficient Pd(OAc)2-catalyzed N-heteroannulation reaction of fullerene with benzoyl hydrazone esters was exploited to synthesize novel and scarce N-unsubstituted 2-fulleropyrrolines via the formation of C–C and C–N bonds. Besides, the self-sensitized photo-oxidation of 2-fulleropyrrolines was first discovered under very mild conditions to yield a ketoamide fullerene derivative in high yields. The reaction kinetics of this self-sensitized photo-oxidation has been explored, indicating that this photo-oxidation process is a first-order reaction possessing a low reaction activation energy (2.79 kJ mol−1). Moreover, a possible mechanism related to the observed products was proposed.
- This article is part of the themed collection: Synthetic methodology in OBC