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A convenient and reproducible method for the synthesis of astatinated 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine via electrophilic desilylation

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Abstract

The 211At-labeled compound, 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine, is one of the most promising amino acid derivatives for use in targeted alpha therapy (TAT) for various cancers. Electrophilic demetallation of a stannyl precursor is the most widely used approach for labeling biomolecules with 211At. However, the low acid-resistance of the stannyl precursor necessitates the use of an N- and C-terminus-protected precursor, which results in a low overall radiochemical yield (RCY) due to the multiple synthetic steps involved. In this study, a deprotected organosilyl compound, 4-triethylsilyl-L-phenylalanine, was employed for the direct synthesis of astatinated phenylalanines. 211At was separately recovered from the irradiated 209Bi target using chloroform (CHCl3) and N-chlorosuccinimide-methanol (NCS-MeOH) solution. The RCYs of 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine obtained from the triethylsilyl precursor with the use of 211At, isolated in CHCl3 and NCS-MeOH solution, were 75% and 64% respectively. In both cases, the retention time of the 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine was found to be about 20 min, which showed reasonable correlation with the retention time of non-radioactive 4-halo-L-phenylalanines (4-chloro-, 4-bromo-, and 4-iodo-L-phenylalanine). The one-step reaction examined in this study involved mild reaction conditions (70 °C) and a short time (10 min) compared to the other currently reported procedures for astatination. Electrophilic desilylation was found to be very effective for the labeling of aromatic amino acids with 211At.

Graphical abstract: A convenient and reproducible method for the synthesis of astatinated 4-[211At]astato-l-phenylalanine via electrophilic desilylation

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Publication details

The article was received on 26 Sep 2018, accepted on 04 Dec 2018 and first published on 04 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8OB02394H
Citation: Org. Biomol. Chem., 2019, Advance Article
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    A convenient and reproducible method for the synthesis of astatinated 4-[211At]astato-L-phenylalanine via electrophilic desilylation

    S. Watanabe, M. A. Azim, I. Nishinaka, I. Sasaki, Y. Ohshima, K. Yamada and N. S. Ishioka, Org. Biomol. Chem., 2019, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8OB02394H

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