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Issue 44, 2018
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Two-dimensional beta-lead oxide quantum dots

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Abstract

In recent years, black-phosphorus-analogue (BPA) two-dimensional (2D) materials have been explored to demonstrate promising optoelectronic performances and distinguished ambient stabilities, holding great promise in practical applications. Here, one new kind of BPA material, orthorhombic β-PbO quantum dots (QDs), is successfully fabricated by a facile liquid phase exfoliation (LPE) technique. The as-prepared β-PbO QDs show a homogeneous distribution of the lateral size (3.2 ± 0.9 nm) and thickness (2.5 ± 0.5 nm), corresponding to 4 ± 1 layers. The carrier dynamics of β-PbO QDs was systematically investigated via a femtosecond resolution transient absorption approach in the visible wavelength regime and it was clarified that two decay components were resolved with a decay time of τ1 = 2.3 ± 0.3 ps and τ2 = 87.9 ± 6.0 ps, respectively, providing important insights into their potential applications in the field of ultrafast optics, nanomechanics and optoelectronics. As a proof-of-concept, β-PbO QDs were, for the first time to our knowledge, fabricated as a working electrode in a photoelectrochemical (PEC)-typed photodetector that exhibits significantly high photocurrent density and excellent stability under ambient conditions.

Graphical abstract: Two-dimensional beta-lead oxide quantum dots

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Publication details

The article was received on 25 Sep 2018, accepted on 29 Oct 2018 and first published on 02 Nov 2018


Article type: Communication
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07788F
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 20540-20547
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    Two-dimensional beta-lead oxide quantum dots

    W. Huang, X. Jiang, Y. Wang, F. Zhang, Y. Ge, Y. Zhang, L. Wu, D. Ma, Z. Li, R. Wang, Z. N. Huang, X. Dai, Y. Xiang, J. Li and H. Zhang, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 20540
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR07788F

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