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A self-encapsulated porous Sb–C nanocomposite anode with excellent Na-ion storage performance

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Abstract

In this study, a self-encapsulated Sb–C nanocomposite as an anode material for sodium-ion batteries (SIBs) was successfully synthesised using an SbCl3–citrate complex precursor, followed by a drying and calcination process under an inert N2 atmosphere. When the molar ratio of SbCl3 to citric acid was varied from 1 : 1 to 1 : 4, the Sb–C nanocomposite with a molar ratio of 1 : 3 (Sb–C3) exhibited the highest specific surface area (265.97 m2 g−1) and pore volume (0.158 cm3 g−1). Furthermore, the Sb–C3 electrode showed a high reversible capacity of 559 mA h g−1 at a rate of C/10 and maintained a high reversible capacity of 430 mA h g−1 even after 195 cycles at a rate of 1C. The Sb–C3 electrode exhibited an excellent rate capability of 603, 445, and 357 mA h g−1 at the rates of C/20, 5C, and 10C, respectively. Furthermore, a full cell composed of an Sb–C3 anode and a Na3V2(PO4)3 cathode exhibited good specific capacity and cyclability, making the Sb–C composite a promising anode material for high-performance SIBs.

Graphical abstract: A self-encapsulated porous Sb–C nanocomposite anode with excellent Na-ion storage performance

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Publication details

The article was received on 01 Aug 2018, accepted on 19 Sep 2018 and first published on 20 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR06182C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article
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    A self-encapsulated porous Sb–C nanocomposite anode with excellent Na-ion storage performance

    X. Pham, D. T. Ngo, H. T. T. Le, P. N. Didwal, R. Verma, C. Min, C. Park and C. Park, Nanoscale, 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NR06182C

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