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Issue 39, 2018
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A high precision MUA-spaced single-cell sensor for cellular receptor assay based on bifunctional Au@Cu-PbCQD nanoprobes

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Abstract

A single-cell sensor with a spatial architecture was firstly fabricated for realizing high precision single-cell analysis using an 11-mercaptoundecanoic acid (MUA)-spaced sensing interface to prop up single cells and provide a suitable space for effective nanoprobe labeling. Mercapto acids (MA) with different carbon chain lengths were optimized and MUA was selected to provide optimal interspace on the electrodeposited PANI/AuNP substrates, and its carboxyl could couple with folic acid to capture cancer cells. Bifunctional Au@Cu-PbCQD nanoprobes, in which the AuNP cores were linked with lead-coadsorbed carbon quantum dots (PbCQDs) by a copper(II) ion bridge, were firstly synthesized and applied as highly sensitive electrochemiluminescence (ECL) probes and electrochemical probes. Hyaluronic acid (HA)-functionalized Au@Cu-PbCQD nanoprobes were labelled on MCF-7 cells via specific recognition to the CD44 receptor, which served as the research model. The ECL response of the sensor was applied to evaluate the validity of nanoprobe labeling. With MUA modified, the sensor was able to enhance the ECL intensity by 37.5 ± 3.9%, indicating the remarkable amelioration of the accuracy of single-cell analysis. To take advantage of the bifunctional nanoprobes, differential pulse voltammetry (DPV) was further applied to confirm the feasibility of the proposed single-cell sensor with a spatial architecture. Therefore, the novel strategy provides a single-cell analysis platform to acquire high-precision analytical results, and more accurately to elucidate cellular heterogeneity and biological function.

Graphical abstract: A high precision MUA-spaced single-cell sensor for cellular receptor assay based on bifunctional Au@Cu-PbCQD nanoprobes

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Publication details

The article was received on 12 May 2018, accepted on 01 Sep 2018 and first published on 27 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03847C
Citation: Nanoscale, 2018,10, 18597-18605
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    A high precision MUA-spaced single-cell sensor for cellular receptor assay based on bifunctional Au@Cu-PbCQD nanoprobes

    D. Long, C. Chen, C. Cui, Z. Yao and P. Yang, Nanoscale, 2018, 10, 18597
    DOI: 10.1039/C8NR03847C

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