Boosted electrochemical properties from the surface engineering of ultrathin interlaced Ni(OH)2 nanosheets with Co(OH)2 quantum dot modification†
Nanoscale surface engineering of electroactive architectures is of paramount importance in high-performance supercapacitor applications based on surface-controlled charge storage mechanisms. Herein, we exploit Co(OH)2 quantum dots (CoQDs) as a surface modifier and report a simple and effective strategy for anchoring CoQDs on ultrathin interlaced Ni(OH)2 nanosheets. Impressively, the 2D/0D heterostructure of CoQD-interspersed Ni(OH)2 nanosheets (Ni(OH)2-CoQD) exhibits greatly enhanced capacitive behavior compared with pristine Ni(OH)2 nanosheets, exhibiting a higher capacitance (3244 F g−1vs. 2124 F g−1 at 5 mA cm−2), superior rate capability and better cycling stability. Density functional theory (DFT) calculations reveal the accumulation of additional electrons and reduced adsorption energy of OH− at the Ni(OH)2-CoQD interphase, which are the primary reasons for the enhanced electrochemical performance. An asymmetric full cell with Ni(OH)2-CoQD as the positive electrode has been fabricated, achieving a maximum energy density of 46 W h kg−1 at 141 W kg−1, and excellent cycling stability, where 84.1% of the initial capacitance is retained over 5000 cycles. This work brings a new opportunity to pseudoactive electrode material design by employing semiconductive quantum dots for surface modification.