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A simple strategy for the detection of Cu(II),Cd(II) and Pb(II) in water by voltammetric sensor on TC4A modified electrode

Abstract

Developing an uncomplicated, fast and low-price method for heavy metal ion detection is essential for environmental detection and pollution control. In this research, an innovative type of electrochemical detection sensor was realized by using a kind of glassy carbon electrode (GCE) modified with thiacalix[4]arene(TC4A). The results indicated that Cu(II),Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in the sample solution can be detected quickly and simultaneously through the differential pulse anodic stripping voltammetry (DPASV) mode. The test results can determine that whether the concentration of heavy metal ions in the wastewater is up to standard. The optimization of multiple experimental parameters including the amount of modification, pH value, deposition time and deposition potential were studied and accomplished. Under the best experimental conditions, the peak value of voltammetry current increased linearly with the concentration. Within this range, the peak current value and concentration have a very good linear relationship with increasing concentrations of Cu(II),Cd(II) and Pb(II) ions in the ranges of 1.0~2.0 mg/L,0.1~1.0 mg/L and 1.0~2.0 mg/L, respectively. And the limits of detection (S/N = 3) are estimated to be 3.0 μg/L for Cu(II), 4.0 μg/L for Cd(II) and 2.5 μg/L for Pb(II), which are lower than those obtained at the unmodified electrodes. Most importantly, the modified electrode was successfully applied to the determination of heavy metals in river water. This innovative electrochemical detection sensor shows high sensitivity, good stability and reproducibility.

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Publication details

The article was received on 07 Oct 2018, accepted on 05 Dec 2018 and first published on 06 Dec 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05089A
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    A simple strategy for the detection of Cu(II),Cd(II) and Pb(II) in water by voltammetric sensor on TC4A modified electrode

    L. Liu, K. Zhang and Y. Wei, New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ05089A

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