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Brønsted acidic reduced graphene oxide as a sustainable carbocatalyst: a selective method for the synthesis of C-2-substituted benzimidazole

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Abstract

Brønsted acidic reduced graphene acts as an efficient and sustainable carbocatalyst for the selective synthesis of C-2-substituted benzimidazoles under ambient conditions. A massive influx of sulphonic acid group on reduced graphene oxide surface gives graphene sulfonic acid (G-SO3H), which acts as a Brønsted acidic catalyst for the synthesis of a series of benzimidazoles under mild conditions. The present methodology is a revamp of the benzimidazole synthesis with broad functional group tolerance in shorter time. G-SO3H provides an operationally simple, metal-free condition and is amenable to gram-scale production. Pyridine adsorption studies prove the catalytically responsible Brønsted acidity of the catalyst. The catalyst is highly stable for several cycles without any loss of activity, which is evidenced by the FT-IR, PXRD and TEM characterization of the reused catalyst.

Graphical abstract: Brønsted acidic reduced graphene oxide as a sustainable carbocatalyst: a selective method for the synthesis of C-2-substituted benzimidazole

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Publication details

The article was received on 30 Jun 2018, accepted on 27 Sep 2018 and first published on 27 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ03257B
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article
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    Brønsted acidic reduced graphene oxide as a sustainable carbocatalyst: a selective method for the synthesis of C-2-substituted benzimidazole

    M. Karthik and P. Suresh, New J. Chem., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ03257B

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