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Copper-based Hydrogels with Dicarboxylate Spacer ligands for Selective Carbon Dioxide Separation Application

Abstract

In this study, we report a simple method for synthesizing copper-containing polymer hydrogels made from nontoxic poly(methyl vinyl ether-alt-maleic anhydride) (PVM-MA) in the absence or presence of added carboxylate ligands: dicarboxylates, such as adipate and terephthalate or tricarboxylates, such as nitrilotriacetate (NTA) and trisodium citrate. Our copper hydrogels are wet precursors to a new family of amorphous porous materials, consisting of a metal-polycarboxylate backbone and carboxylate spacer ligands between polymer strands engineered via non-covalent interactions. Rheological measurements revealed that the mechanical stability of the hydrogels was enhanced by the addition of supplementary dicarboxylate ligands. We determined that the optimal ratio of polymer to dicarboxylate to Cu2+ was 10:4:2.5. Our scanning electron microscope (SEM) and cryo-SEM imaging and physical adsorption measurements revealed the formation of pores. The Brunauer–Emmett–Teller (BET) surface area of the dried hydrogels was tunable with the addition of supplementary dicarboxylate ligands. The BET surface area increased from 171.90 m2g-1 in a dried hydrogel without added dicarboxylate to 646.9 and 536.4 m2g-1 with the addition of adipate and terephthalate, respectively. Moreover, addition of dicarboxylate ligands increased the pore volume and CO2 gas adsorption capacity. Separation of CO2 from post-combustion flue gases is important for environmental and economic sustainability. Our copper-based hydrogel with dicarboxylate spacer ligands offers the possibility of a new material for post-combustion CO2 .

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Publication details

The article was received on 24 Apr 2018, accepted on 09 Oct 2018 and first published on 09 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01997E
Citation: New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript
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    Copper-based Hydrogels with Dicarboxylate Spacer ligands for Selective Carbon Dioxide Separation Application

    M. Al-Dossary, H. Padhy, F. Xu, A. R. Behzad, O. El Tall and A. Rothenberger, New J. Chem., 2018, Accepted Manuscript , DOI: 10.1039/C8NJ01997E

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