Issue 4, 2018

Cardiac myoglobin participates in the metabolic pathway of selenium in rats


As an essential micronutrient, selenium deficiency is a leading cause of cardiovascular diseases. The heart is continuously beating to deliver blood to the entire body, and this requires a high amount of energy. An adult heart normally obtains 50–70% of its adenosine 5′-triphosphate from fatty acid β-oxidation. An increase in fatty acid oxidation activity induces the generation of larger amounts of by-products (reactive oxygen species, ROS) from mitochondrial oxidative phosphorylation. Selenium-dependent glutathione peroxidases play a critical role in the removal of these ROS, especially organic hydroperoxides, from the heart. The definitive transport and/or detailed metabolic pathways from the selenium-source compounds to the selenoproteins in the heart still remain unclear. We explored the selenium-binding proteins in a rat cardiac cell lysate using its reactive metabolic intermediate, selenotrisulfide (STS), and MALDI TOF-mass spectrometry. Several proteins with a free cysteine (Cys) thiol were found to be reactive with STS through a thiol-exchange reaction. The most distinctive Cys-containing protein in the cardiac cell lysate was identified as myoglobin (Mb) from a rat protein database search and tryptic fragmentation experiments. When separately examined in selenium adequate rats, selenium-binding to the cardiac Mb was verified using selenium-specific fluorometry. Cardiac Mb is thought to participate in the selenium metabolic pathway in the heart.

Graphical abstract: Cardiac myoglobin participates in the metabolic pathway of selenium in rats

Supplementary files

Article information

Article type
08 Jan 2018
09 Mar 2018
First published
09 Mar 2018

Metallomics, 2018,10, 614-622