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Discovery of a 3,4,5-trisubstituted-1,2,4-triazole agonist with high affinity and selectivity at the somatostatin subtype-4 (sst4) receptor

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Abstract

A series of compounds containing a 1,2,4-triazole moiety were synthesized, targeting the somatostatin receptor subtype-4 (sst4). Compounds were developed in which the Phe6/Phe7/Phe11, Trp8, and Lys9 mimetic groups were interchanged at positions 3, 4, and 5 of the 1,2,4-triazole ring. The 1,2,4-triazoles containing an 2-(imidazol-4-yl)ethyl substituent at position-3 demonstrated moderate binding affinity at sst4. 1,2,4-Triazoles containing an (indol-3-yl)methyl substituent at position-5 lacked affinity at sst4. The 1,2,4-triazoles containing an aminopropyl group at position-4 showed enhanced binding affinity compared to the 3-position. One compound with an 3-(imidazol-4-yl)propyl group at position-4 (compound 44) imparted high affinity and selectivity at sst4 (sst2A = >10 000 nM; sst4 = 19 nM), acting as an agonist (EC50 = 6.8 nM). Docking 44 into a model-built structure of sst4 pointed to differences in its binding versus the other low-affinity compounds and was also in line with one of the two previously reported binding modes. A virtual screening (VS) experiment, employing two separate docking algorithms, was able to score 44 among the top-ranked poses. In summary, compound 44 represents a novel and promising lead structure towards the development of a clinically viable sst4 agonist for the treatment of conditions ranging from Alzheimer's disease to chronic pain.

Graphical abstract: Discovery of a 3,4,5-trisubstituted-1,2,4-triazole agonist with high affinity and selectivity at the somatostatin subtype-4 (sst4) receptor

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Publication details

The article was received on 06 Aug 2018, accepted on 06 Nov 2018 and first published on 07 Nov 2018


Article type: Research Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8MD00388B
Citation: Med. Chem. Commun., 2018, Advance Article
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    Discovery of a 3,4,5-trisubstituted-1,2,4-triazole agonist with high affinity and selectivity at the somatostatin subtype-4 (sst4) receptor

    I. Daryaei, K. Sandoval, K. Witt, M. Kontoyianni and A. Michael Crider, Med. Chem. Commun., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8MD00388B

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