From functional structure to packaging: full-printing fabrication of a microfluidic chip†
This paper presents a concept of a full-printing methodology aiming at convenient and fast fabrication of microfluidic devices. For the first time, we achieved a microfluidic biochemical sensor with all functional structures fabricated by inkjet printing, including electrodes, immobilized enzymes, microfluidic components and packaging. With the cost-effective and rapid process, this method provides the possibility of quick model validation of a novel lab-on-chip system. In this study, a three-electrode electrochemical system was integrated successfully with glucose oxidase immobilization gel and sealed in an ice channel, forming a disposable microfluidic sensor for glucose detection. This fully-printed chip was characterized and showed good sensitivity and a linear section at a low-level concentration of glucose (0–10 mM). With the aid of automatic equipment, the fully-printed sensor can be massively produced with low cost.