Selective synthesis of mono- and di-methylated amines using methanol and sodium azide as C1 and N1 sources†
A Ru(II) complex mediated synthesis of various N,N-dimethyl and N-monomethyl amines from organic azides using methanol as a methylating agent is reported. This methodology was successfully applied for a one-pot reaction of bromide derivatives and sodium azide in methanol. Notably, by controlling the reaction time several N-monomethylated and N,N-dimethylated amines were synthesized selectively. The practical applicability of this tandem process was revealed by preparative scale reactions with different organic azides and synthesis of an anti-vertigo drug betahistine. Several kinetic experiments and DFT studies were carried out to understand the mechanism of this transformation.