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Observation of enhanced magnetocaloric properties with A-site deficiency in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 manganite

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Abstract

In this paper, we have studied the effect on the structural, magnetic and magnetocaloric properties of La and Sr-deficiencies in the La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 compound. Rietveld refinement of the X-ray powder diffraction patterns confirms that all of the compounds have crystallized into a rhombohedral crystal symmetry with an R[3 with combining macron]c space group. X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy measurements revealed that the parent compound has a mixed valance of Mn3+/Mn4+, whereas Mn2+/Mn3+/Mn4+ mixed valency is found in the case of both La and Sr-deficient compounds. The La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 compound shows a magnetic transition temperature of 365 K, while the La and Sr-deficient compounds exhibit transition temperatures of 367 K and 355 K, respectively. Among the studied compounds, the Sr-deficient compound shows the highest magnetic entropy change (ΔSM) of 5.08 J kg−1 K−1 at 352 K for a 50 kOe field with a relative cooling power (RCP) of 142 J kg−1 and an adiabatic temperature change of 3.48 K, while the parent and La-deficient compounds exhibit a −ΔSM of 4.78 J kg−1 K−1 at 364 K and of 4.12 J kg−1 K−1 at 364 K, respectively. The temperature dependence of the electrical resistivity with and without applied magnetic fields reveals that the La-deficient compound has one order and the Sr-deficient compound has two orders of suppression in the electrical resistivity. Thus, the Sr-deficient compound shows promising behaviour for reduction of the magnetic transition temperature towards room temperature, along with an increase in the ΔSM values, and enhancement in the electrical conductivity. Therefore, it could be possible to tune the transition temperature towards room temperature without compromising the magnetic entropy change in order to develop materials for magnetic refrigeration applications.

Graphical abstract: Observation of enhanced magnetocaloric properties with A-site deficiency in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 manganite

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Publication details

The article was received on 31 Aug 2018, accepted on 09 Oct 2018 and first published on 09 Oct 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03538E
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article
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    Observation of enhanced magnetocaloric properties with A-site deficiency in La0.67Sr0.33MnO3 manganite

    B. Arun, V. R. Akshay and M. Vasundhara, Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT03538E

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