Experimental and theoretical study of dimer-of-dimers-type tetrarhodium(II) complexes bridged by 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate linkers
Two dimer-of-dimers-type tetrarhodium complexes, [Rh4(piv)6(BDC)] (; piv = pivalate) and [Rh4(piv)6(F4BDC)] (), in which two paddlewheel-type dirhodium units are linked by 1,4-benzenedicarboxylate (BDC) and 1,4-tetrafluorobenzenedicarboxylate (F4BDC), respectively, have been synthesized and characterized via single-crystal X-ray diffraction analyses, ESI-MS, 1H NMR, infrared spectroscopy, Raman spectroscopy, and elemental analyses. Crystal structure analyses of [1(THF)4] and [2(THF)4], which are crystallized from THF solutions of  and , respectively, revealed that dihedral angles (ϕ) between two –CO2 units and phenyl rings of the BDC linker in [1(THF)4] are almost co-planar (ϕ = 2.8°), whereas those of the F4BDC linker in [2(THF)4] are largely inclined (ϕ = 78.3°). Density functional theory calculations clarified that (i) their dihedral angles of optimized geometries of [1(THF)4] and [2(THF)4] are almost the same as their experimental geometries, and (ii) the rotation energy barriers of phenyl moieties in [1(THF)4] and [2(THF)4] estimated by potential energy surface analyses are 12.0 and 8.4 kcal mol−1, respectively, indicating that hydrogen bondings are formed between two –CO2 units and four hydrogen atoms of phenyl rings of the BDC linker in [1(THF)4], whereas two –CO2 units and four fluorine groups on the phenyl ring of the F4BDC linker in [2(THF)4] are electrostatically and sterically repulsed. Electrochemical properties and electronic structures of [1(THF)4] and [2(THF)4] are strongly influenced by the electronic states of dicarboxylate linkers, whereas absorption spectra are strongly influenced by the dihedral angles between two –CO2 units and phenyl rings of dicarboxylate linkers.