A new 3-D coordination polymer as a precursor for CuI-based thermoelectric composites†
Two complexes, [Cu6I6(L1)3]n (I) and [Cu4I4(L2)2]n (II) (L1 = 1,4-bis(phenylthio)but-2-yne; L2 = 1,4-bis(phenylthio)butane), as precursors for thermoelectric composites were prepared using a literature procedure. During the preparation of I, an unexpected 3-D polymorph [Cu4I4(L1)2]n (1) with a triclinic space group and an infinite [CuI]n staircase structure was obtained. This new polymorph (1) exhibited the same structure at both room temperature and 173 K. Complexes 1 and II were therefore pyrolysed to composites 2 and 3, respectively, at 400 °C under a nitrogen gas flow. Composite 3 was pale in color with a low carbon content (0.05 wt%) and easily disassembled during handling. By comparison, the high carbon containing (10.2 wt%) composite 2 can be compressed into a robust, light pellet (density 3.58 g cm−3), which showed a moderate to high Seebeck coefficient (543–1308 μV K−1) over the temperature range 70–240 °C.