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Facile fabrication of direct solid-state Z-scheme g-C3N4/Fe2O3 heterojunction: a cost-effective photocatalyst with high efficiency for the degradation of aqueous organic pollutants

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Abstract

Graphitic carbon nitride (g-C3N4) is a low cost photocatalyst for the visible light-driven degradation of aqueous organic pollutants. Nevertheless, the fast recombination of electron–hole pairs significantly inhibits its photocatalytic activity. Consequently, we report a novel strategy in which the low cost α-Fe2O3 photocatalyst is in situ introduced to accelerate the photogenerated charge separation of g-C3N4 based on a Z-scheme mechanism. Under the irradiation of visible light, the photocatalytic activity significantly improved on coupling g-C3N4 and α-Fe2O3, and a peak Rhodamine B (RhB) degradation efficiency of over 99% were observed. This value is significantly higher than that over pure g-C3N4 (ca. 67%) and α-Fe2O3 (ca. 6%). Additionally, the as-prepared g-C3N4/Fe2O3 exhibits highly stable photocatalytic activity. The loading of α-Fe2O3 on the g-C3N4 surface results in the formation of a direct solid-state Z-scheme structure. The improved separation of electron–hole pairs and strong redox ability of the charge carriers are responsible for the improved photocatalytic activity of g-C3N4/Fe2O3. Finally, the h+ and ˙O2 radicals are confirmed as the major oxidation species and a possible photocatalytic mechanism is proposed in the g-C3N4/Fe2O3 reaction system. This work is of significance to promote the large-scale application of g-C3N4-based photocatalysts in water purification.

Graphical abstract: Facile fabrication of direct solid-state Z-scheme g-C3N4/Fe2O3 heterojunction: a cost-effective photocatalyst with high efficiency for the degradation of aqueous organic pollutants

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Publication details

The article was received on 16 Jul 2018, accepted on 22 Sep 2018 and first published on 25 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT02893A
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article
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    Facile fabrication of direct solid-state Z-scheme g-C3N4/Fe2O3 heterojunction: a cost-effective photocatalyst with high efficiency for the degradation of aqueous organic pollutants

    J. Wang, X. Zuo, W. Cai, J. Sun, X. Ge and H. Zhao, Dalton Trans., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8DT02893A

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