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Issue 36, 2018
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1,4-Dihydropyridyl complexes of magnesium: synthesis by pyridine insertion into the magnesium–silicon bond of triphenylsilyls and catalytic pyridine hydrofunctionalization

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Abstract

Magnesium bis(triphenylsilyl) [Mg(SiPh3)2(THF)2]·THF (1) reacted with a stoichiometric amount of pyridine to give the magnesium 4-(triphenylsilyl)dihydropyridyl complex [Mg(NC5H5-4-SiPh3)2(THF)3] (2). Using an excess of pyridine, a mixture of magnesium dihydropyridyl [Mg(NC5H6)2(py)4] (3) and 4-(triphenylsilyl)pyridine was formed. Complex 3 underwent exchange with pyridine-d5 at 25 °C to give [Mg(NC5D5H-4)2(py-d5)4] (3-HD). Analogous reactions with Me3TACD-supported magnesium triphenylsilyls [(Me3TACD)Mg(SiPh3)] (4) and [(Me3TACD·AlEt3)Mg(SiPh3)] (6) ((Me3TACD)H = Me3[12]aneN4: 1,4,7-trimethyl-1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane) with pyridine gave [(Me3TACD)Mg(NC5H5-4-SiPh3)] (5), [(Me3TACD·AlEt3)Mg(NC5H5-4-SiPh3)] (7) and a mixture of [(Me3TACD)Mg(NC5H6)] (8) and 4-(triphenylsilyl)pyridine. Complex 8 is also formed by reacting 3 with (Me3TACD)H and underwent exchange with pyridine-d5 at higher temperatures. The activation energy for the exchange is about 25 kJ mol−1 higher than that for the exchange reaction of 3 to 3-HD. Complexes 2, 3, 3-HD, 5, 7 and 8 were characterized by NMR spectroscopy and 3, 5 and 8 by single crystal structure analysis. Complex 3 was found to be slightly active in the hydrosilylation of pyridine using phenylsilane, whereas complex 8 showed no activity. Both complexes 3 and 8 were active in the hydroboration of pyridine with pinacolborane.

Graphical abstract: 1,4-Dihydropyridyl complexes of magnesium: synthesis by pyridine insertion into the magnesium–silicon bond of triphenylsilyls and catalytic pyridine hydrofunctionalization

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Publication details

The article was received on 13 Apr 2018, accepted on 14 May 2018 and first published on 15 May 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8DT01466C
Citation: Dalton Trans., 2018,47, 12553-12561
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    1,4-Dihydropyridyl complexes of magnesium: synthesis by pyridine insertion into the magnesium–silicon bond of triphenylsilyls and catalytic pyridine hydrofunctionalization

    L. E. Lemmerz, T. P. Spaniol and J. Okuda, Dalton Trans., 2018, 47, 12553
    DOI: 10.1039/C8DT01466C

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