Jump to main content
Jump to site search

Issue 22, 2018
Previous Article Next Article

Catalysis by hybrid sp2/sp3 nanodiamonds and their role in the design of advanced nanocarbon materials

Author affiliations

Abstract

Hybrid sp2/sp3 nanocarbons, in particular sp3-hybridized ultra-dispersed nanodiamonds and derivative materials, such as the sp3/sp2-hybridized bucky nanodiamonds and sp2-hybridized onion-like carbons, represent a rather interesting class of catalysts still under consideration. Their characteristics, properties and catalytic reactivity are presented, with an analysis of the state-of-the-art of their use in gas- and liquid-phase reactions, including photo- and electro-catalysis. It is remarked that intrinsic differences exist between these and other nanostructured carbon catalysts. The analysis shows how different features make nanocarbons unique with respect to other types of catalysts and are the bases for an advanced design of nanocarbon-type catalysts. The aspects discussed regard the presence of hybrid sp2/sp3 configurations, nano-engineering related to the role of defects and vacancies in their catalytic behaviour, the creation of active sites by modification in the charge density at carbon atoms or C–C bonds, the generation of strained C–C bonds by curvature and other mechanisms, and the formation of semiconducting areas and defect sites at the interface with supported nanoparticles. The advanced strategies for identifying and quantifying active sites of carbon catalysts are highlighted.

Graphical abstract: Catalysis by hybrid sp2/sp3 nanodiamonds and their role in the design of advanced nanocarbon materials

Back to tab navigation

Publication details

The article was received on 20 Aug 2018 and first published on 29 Oct 2018


Article type: Review Article
DOI: 10.1039/C8CS00684A
Citation: Chem. Soc. Rev., 2018,47, 8438-8473
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY license
  •   Request permissions

    Catalysis by hybrid sp2/sp3 nanodiamonds and their role in the design of advanced nanocarbon materials

    Y. Lin, X. Sun, D. S. Su, G. Centi and S. Perathoner, Chem. Soc. Rev., 2018, 47, 8438
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CS00684A

    This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 Unported Licence. Material from this article can be used in other publications provided that the correct acknowledgement is given with the reproduced material.

    Reproduced material should be attributed as follows:

    • For reproduction of material from NJC:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique (CNRS) and the RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from PCCP:
      [Original citation] - Published by the PCCP Owner Societies.
    • For reproduction of material from PPS:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry (RSC) on behalf of the European Society for Photobiology, the European Photochemistry Association, and RSC.
    • For reproduction of material from all other RSC journals:
      [Original citation] - Published by The Royal Society of Chemistry.

    Information about reproducing material from RSC articles with different licences is available on our Permission Requests page.

Search articles by author

Spotlight

Advertisements