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Temperature-dependent crystalline structure and phase transition of poly(butylene adipate) end-functionalized by multiple hydrogen-bonding groups

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Abstract

Because of the different crystallization behaviors of semicrystalline supramolecular polymers (SMPs) from conventional polymers, investigation on the unique crystallization kinetics and crystalline structures of SMPs is of fundamental importance to tune their physical properties and functions in processing. Herein, we chose the multiple hydrogen-bonding 2-ureido-4[1H]-pyrimidinone (UPy) group as the supramolecular unit and poly(butylene adipate) (PBA) as the polymorphic polymer block, and synthesized UPy-functionalized PBAs (i.e., UPy-bonded supramolecular PBAs). The crystallization kinetics, polymorphic crystalline structure, phase transition, and lamellar morphology of the UPy-functionalized PBAs were investigated and compared with those of the pristine PBA. UPy end functionalization suppressed the crystallization rate and crystallinity of the linked PBA chains. Compared to the pristine PBA, the UPy-functionalized PBAs preferred to form the thermally-stable α crystals at the same temperature; this was more obvious for the samples with a high content of the UPy end group. The facilitated formation of α crystals in the UPy-functionalized PBAs was attributed to the decreased equilibrium melting temperature. UPy end functionalization also decreased the critical temperature and broadened the temperature range for the β-to-α phase transition of PBA during heating. Due to the segregation of the UPy unit in the amorphous phase, the UPy-functionalized PBAs exhibited larger long periods than the pristine PBA, even though they had a lower degree of crystallinity.

Graphical abstract: Temperature-dependent crystalline structure and phase transition of poly(butylene adipate) end-functionalized by multiple hydrogen-bonding groups

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Aug 2018, accepted on 19 Sep 2018 and first published on 19 Sep 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05066J
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article
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    Temperature-dependent crystalline structure and phase transition of poly(butylene adipate) end-functionalized by multiple hydrogen-bonding groups

    J. Bao, H. Fan, X. Xue, Q. Xie and P. Pan, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, Advance Article , DOI: 10.1039/C8CP05066J

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