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Issue 21, 2018
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On the relationship between the structural and volumetric properties of solvated metal ions in O-donor solvents using new structural data in amide solvents

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Abstract

The structures of the N,N-dimethylformamide (dmf), N,N-dimethylacetamide (dma), and N,N-dimethylpropionamide (dmp) solvated strontium and barium ions have been determined in solution using large angle X-ray scattering and EXAFS spectroscopy. The strontium ion has a mean coordination number (CN) between 6.2 and 6.8, and the barium ion has a mean CN between 7.1 and 7.8 in these amide solvents. The non-integer numbers indicates that equilibria between different coordination numbers and geometries exist in these systems. Structural information of the alkali, alkaline earth, and selected transition metal and lanthanoid(III) ions, and the halide ions in water, methanol, ethanol, dimethylsulfoxide, formamide, dmf and dma has been combined with previously reported standard partial molar volumes, V0. The ionic radii and charge densities (charge/ionic volume), and corresponding V0 values have been used to gain information on the relationship between structural and volumetric properties. For the structure-breaking ions, i.e. the alkali metal and halide ions, there is an almost linear relationship between the ionic radius and V0. On the other hand, for the structure-making ions, here the alkaline earth, transition metal and lanthanoid(III) ions, a linear relationship is observed between the charge density and V0. Solvents with a well-defined bulk structure through hydrogen bonding, specifically, water, methanol and ethanol, will be more contracted through solvation than aprotic solvents, as the space between the solvent molecules is lost as a result of the hydrogen bonding. In this respect, methanol stands out as the most compressed solvent participating in solvation compared to its bulk structure.

Graphical abstract: On the relationship between the structural and volumetric properties of solvated metal ions in O-donor solvents using new structural data in amide solvents

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Publication details

The article was received on 09 Apr 2018, accepted on 27 Apr 2018 and first published on 30 Apr 2018


Article type: Paper
DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02244E
Citation: Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018,20, 14525-14536
  • Open access: Creative Commons BY-NC license
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    On the relationship between the structural and volumetric properties of solvated metal ions in O-donor solvents using new structural data in amide solvents

    D. Lundberg, D. Warmińska, A. Fuchs and I. Persson, Phys. Chem. Chem. Phys., 2018, 20, 14525
    DOI: 10.1039/C8CP02244E

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